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Iglesia de Santa Bárbara (1795)

November 30th, 2017 | by BTC News
Iglesia de Santa Bárbara (1795)
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Some cool mining pool images:

Iglesia de Santa Bárbara (1795)
mining pool
Image by A.Davey
We took a delightful day trip from Medellín to the old colonial capital of Santa Fe de Antioquia.

With the country divided by three Andean cordilleras that run roughly north to south, Colombia offers a wide range of climate zones in a relatively short distance.

As a kid, I went from the cool climate of Bogotá to camp in the "hot country," which is a good translation of the term highland Colombians use for the tropical lowlands.

Medellín, at about 4,000 feet above sea level, is temperate compared to Santa Fe de Antioquia. There, it is hot, hot, hot! People come from Medellín to stay for the day or the week at resorts where they can enjoy the heat from the comfort of a lovely, cool swimming pool.

The landscape there is dry forest.

Here’s what Wikipedia has to say about Santa Fe de Antioquia:

Santa Fe de Antioquia is a municipality in the Antioquia Department, Colombia. The city is located approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of Medellín, the department capital. It has a population of approximately 23,000 inhabitants.

Founded in 1541 by Jorge Robledo as Villa de Santafé on the western bank of the Cauca River, in 1545 it received the coat of arms and the title of City of Antioquia from King Philip II of Spain.

It was elevated to the status of parish in 1547 by the bishop of Popayán. It changed its name in 1584 when it became the capital of Antioquia. It was a mining town from its beginnings and the gold mining operation has been the base of its economy.

Its cathedral was constructed in 1799 and elevated to Diocese of Antioquia in 1804 by Pope Pius VII. In 1813 Antioquia was declared a sovereign and independent state with Santa Fe as its capital, a status it maintained until 1826, when Medellín was chosen as the new departmental seat.

Due to the state of conservation of its colonial architecture, it was declared a national monument in 1960.

The municipal area is 493 square kilometres (190 sq mi), with a mountainous territory within the Central Cordillera of the Andes and watered by the rivers Cauca and Tonusco.

The economy of Santa Fe de Antioquia is based on agriculture: the main products are coffee, maize and beans.

Tourism has been, and continues to be one of the more important economic enterprises for the municipality. The opening of the Tunnel of the West (which reduces the time and the distance between the locality and Medellín) in 2006 has allowed hundreds of tourists to arrive each weekend, stimulating the vocation of the vicinity as a summer vacation site.

All of the town is a historical site; the architecture that has survived through the years gives Santa Fe de Antioquia the aspect of a city "suspended" in the colonial era, which is the reason the city was declared National monument.

Bridge of the West (National Monument); suspension bridge built in 1887, same year as the Eiffel Tower, over the Cauca River.

Metropolitan Cathedral
Archiepiscopal Palace
Plaza Mayor Juan de Corral
Museum of Religious Art
The House of the Two Palms
La Playita (Famous Ranch To The South of the Plaza)
Tonusco Campestre

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